Since 2009, the Estoril Conferences have been dedicating themselves to the discussion about globalization. Four editions and almost ten years later, two hundred speakers including Heads of State, Ambassadors, politicians, entrepreneurs, academics and Nobel Prize laureates have shared their visions on the current world with the thousands of spectators that came to Estoril and Cascais.
Throughout all these years we reformed and innovated each new edition of the Estoril Conferences so that they exceeded the earlier in its success. In order for the same to happen in 2017, the Organization of the Estoril Conferences identified what is, for us, one of the greatest challenges not only of globalization but of the XXI Century: The largest migratory movement since World War II.
As such, and because this is a theme that involves many fields of society, the 5th Edition of the Estoril Conferences, to happen between May 29th and May 31st, will be exclusively dedicated to the theme: Global Migration.
GLOBAL MIGRATION: LEAVING HOME IN A GLOBALIZED WORLD
Migration With(out) Boundaries
People migrate. From our predecessor Homo Erectus, who moved out of Africa across Europe more than a million years ago, humans have always been on the move. However ordinary and old the phenomenon may be, we are currently living in times of unprecedented human mobility.
In this growingly interconnected world, migratory flows are increasingly seen as multi-faceted challenges to States and policies. Mass movements of people are highly contested for interfering with national sovereignty, national and cultural identity, rule of law and human rights, sustainability of the welfare state, employment policies, population, public health, international relations, national and international security and public order. However, migration is also affiliated with opportunities such as the correction of labor market imbalances or economic growth and often spur innovation.
The goal of this first day is to reflect upon migration outside a crisis conjuncture – what challenges does regular migration bring to the world and to the States?
Conference: Why do people move?
People have moved from their home countries for all sorts of reasons. From an historical perspective, this panel will address the most relevant factors concerning human migration.
Conference: Migration Policies in a Plural World
Migration ceased to be regional and became globalized. National populations became increasingly confronted with the arrivals of people sharing different cultures, religions and beliefs. This shift on the very composition of national residents leads to several challenges on social cohesion. If social diversity is seen as a source of strength, policies may become more cohesive and more prosperous. However, if diversity is not properly addressed, the conflicting pressures underlying pluralism may lead to tensions, social conflicts and, eventually, ethnical conflicts.
This panel will address the pressing challenges underlying pluralism and global migration: how can social cohesion be safeguarded in countries that have a strong tradition of homogenous population? How should migrants be integrated in the host communities? How can religious and cultural differences and beliefs be protected? Has multiculturalism failed?
Conference: The Economics of Migration
The economics of migration will be one of the subjects discussed during the Estoril Conferences. Migration not only benefits the migrant but both the origin and destination countries. Migration may contribute to the economic development of receiving countries, to competitiveness and innovation potential. Immigrants have a wide impact on public budgets as well as on the labour market. On May 30 we will be addressing the many questions related to the economic impact of migration.
This panel will address the many questions related to the economic impact of migration: are immigrants an opportunity or a threat to national economies? How do they affect salaries both in the host and home countries? What threats may migrants present in States with high levels of unemployment? What is the potential of migrants to create employment? What is their level of entrepreneurship? How do migrants impact on the shape of the population of product-consumers and even at the imports level? How can migratory flows be economically fair for both host and home countries?
Download our Position Paper to know more about the Global Migration.